New Model Law Ensures Social Security for Children
A model law on Social Security Program for Orphan and Vulnerable Children (Operation Procedure) has been endorsed by the Government of Nepal’s Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. The Act was formulated to regulate social security funds established by various organizations in rural municipalities or municipalities for orphans and other vulnerable children. Based on this Act the local governments can now conduct welfare programs for children.
According to the newly formed law, cash will be provided through operational revolving fund to children who are identified by local bodies. The main beneficiaries of the fund are orphaned children living in the custody of others after the death of their parents. Likewise, children whose parents are mentally unstable, fully disabled, have disappeared or are in need of proper care and protection are entitled to access the facilities.
The municipal executive will fix the monthly amount to be provided to the beneficiaries. Children who want to access this facility must submit an application with necessary documents to the local level within 15 days from the date of publication of a public notice every year. The grant amount provided to the beneficiaries should be spent on education, food, health and clothing of the children.
An eight member committee will be formed led by a female member who will be nominated by the village or municipality executive. This committee will be responsible for the management of the fund. Representatives from NGOs, community schools, health post, donors, child clubs and local stakeholders will also be a part of the committee.
Save the Children was a part of the five member committee formed by Department of Civil Registration and played a pivotal role in the drafting and providing technical inputs for the new model law. . Interested local government can start the implementation of this law from this fiscal year. However, there will be a follow-up at the end of the year to analyze how many local bodies have implemented this law.